Frederick County, Virginia is the northernmost county in Virginia. It was formed when it was split off from Orange County in 1743. The county seat is the city of Winchester. The remainder of the county is made up of the towns of Middletown and Stephens City, along with some smaller, unincorporated communities.
The area that would later become Frederick County was inhabited by various indigenous peoples for thousands of years before European colonization.
George Washington's headquarters were operated in Winchester before and during the French and Indian War and are now open to the public as a historic attraction.
During the American Civil War, Winchester often changed hands between the Confederate and Union Armies more than once a month during the war. Some of the battles that were fought in Frederick County: two Battles of Kernstown, Three Battles of Winchester and the Battle of Cedar Creek.
Each spring, the Shenandoah Apple Blossom Festival runs for more than a week and draws over 1000,000 visitors, making it the biggest annual festival in the Shenandoah Valley. The historic downtown Loudoun Street Mall is home to many shops, restaurants and festivals. The Battle of Cedar Creek reenactment is held every October at the Belle Grove and Cedar Creek National Historical Park. Belle Grove Plantation is an authentic 1797 Manor House which offers tours and seasonal programs. The Patsy Cline Historic House was the home of the late singer, just as her star rose to interntional fame. Winchester is also home to the Museum of the Shenandoah Valley.
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Abandoned farmhouse near Germany Road in Southwestern Frederick County, Va. Photo: William I. Spinrad, Jr - Land Matters Photography