“We crossed this river which we [named]… I got some grass hoppers and fished. And another and I ‘catched’ a dish of fish… The others went a hunting and killed deer and ‘turkies...’ The highest of the mountains we named Mount George, and the one we awed over Mount Spotswood.”
John Fontaine and his leader, Governor Alexander Spotswood, believed they were the first Europeans to see this great valley, its river, and the bordering Blue Ridge Mountains. Little did they know their 1716 expedition had been preceded by at least 47 years, and the names of the river and mountain peaks they christened would be forgotten.
In 1710 Spotswood was appointed Her Majesty's Lt. Governor, and Commander in Chief of the Colony of Virginia. We often hear Spotswood titled “Royal” Governor, but these officials almost all stayed in England during the Colonial period, not wishing to suffer the rigors of life in the New World’s “backwater wilderness.” However, Spotswood thrived in Virginia and its small, but beautiful capital- Williamsburg.
Alexander had been an adventurous military man in England and served under the Duke of Marlborough. As with many men who rose in stature, he met the “right people” and eventually found himself in Virginia, commissioned as England’s “on-site Royal Governor.”
One hundred years after Jamestown’s settlement, Virginians still lived within a hundred miles of the Atlantic Coast while areas to the west remained unexplored. Hostile Indians and thick, impenetrable forests made it risky to live, or even explore, far from eastern settlements.
Spotswood wanted to develop those western lands and possibly compete for the rich fur trade that Frenchmen had established. In 1716 he decided to take matters into his own hands and lead the first great western expedition.
[Article originally appeared on ShenandoahValley.com during October, 2007.]
Hiking on Blue Ridge Mountain trails, canoeing and kayaking on the Shenandoah, catch an outdoor concert or sip Virginia wine or craft beer at a huge variety of festivals. Shenandoah is the place to be in the Summer!
Belle Grove in a Box at Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park
336 Belle Grove Rd. Belle Grove Plantation front yard. 30 minute interactive orientation for all ages about the history and settlement of the Shenandoah Valley, the Battle of Cedar Creek and the impact of the Civil War on the Valley. Various props from a box to visually interpret surrounding landscape features. August schedule: Aug. 1, Aug. 3-8, Aug. 10-15, Aug. 17, 19, 21,22, Aug. 24, 26, 27-29 at 11:30 a.m. Aug. 2, 9, 16, 23 and 30 at 2:30 p.m. 1862 Cedar Creek and Belle Grove in a Box program on Aug 11 at 2:30 p.m.
Museum Exhibit at Washington and Lee University
Lee Chapel and Musuem, Lee in the Field. Runs through Aug. 31. Mondays through Saturdays, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sundays 1-5 p.m. Admission: $5 for adults, $3 for children. For more information, call 540-458-8768 or visit www.wlu.edu/lee-chapel-and-museum.
Wounded Warrior Golf Tournament in Lexington, Va.
Lexington Golf and Country Club. Hosted by George C. Marshall Chapter of Military Officers Association of America. Tee-Off at 9 a.m. Admission: $85 per participant. For more information, call 540-463-3542 or For more information, call 540-460-4718.
Waynesboro is named after American Revolutionary Gen. Anthony Wayne, and was the scene of one of the last American Civil War battles fought in the Valley. The annual Virginia Fly Fishing festival is held here.